National Institute of Traumatology & Orthopaedic Rehabilitation
Name : National Institute of Traumatology & Orthopaedic Rehabilitation (NITOR)
Nick Name : NITOR
Previous name : Rehabilitation Institute and Hospital for the Disabled (RIHD)
The National Institute of Traumatology & Orthopaedic Rehabilitation (NITOR) is an orthopedic hospital as well as undergraduate & post-graduate institute, situated at Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh. It is established in 1972 after liberation war of Bangladesh. It’s also the first ever rehabilitation institute in Dhaka. The government set up the institute to spread medical knowledge and to make more efficient doctors for the country. This orthopedic institute is surrounded by many other specialized hospitals; such as, the National Institute of Cardiac and Vascular Disease (NICVD), the National Institute of Ophthalmology (NIO), National Institute of Kidney Diseases & Urology(NIKDU) and the National Institute of Mental Health(NIMH).
Established : 1972
Location : Sher-e-Bangla Nagor, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.
Type : Orthopedics & Rehabilitation Institute.
Total students : 900
Present Director : Prof. Kh. Abdul Awal (Rizvi)
Nick Name : NITOR
Previous name : Rehabilitation Institute and Hospital for the Disabled (RIHD)
NITOR is the fruit of liberation war. With the war of liberation, the new nation of Bangladesh was left with a great number of war injured . Although a few of the freedom fighters from among the wounded were taken by foreign countries for treatment, the great bulk of the wounded including the civilians had to be taken care of by the new nation itself. The Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibar Rahman take a great initiative to rehabilitate the injured freedom fighters. In February 1972, Prof. R.J. Garst, American Orthopaedic Surgeon, Specialist in the field of Rehabilitation along with his wife Marie M. Garst visited Bangladesh and assessed the problem as a whole and decided to go ahead towards its solution. Patronized by the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibar Rahman, Dr. Garst planned to establish an orthopaedic hospital to accommodate all the war affected in one place which the government gladly agreed. Within three months of his arrival his relentless effort lead to the establishment of the hospital, which was then popularly known as Mukti Bahini Hospital. In May 1972 the out patient building of the Shaheed Suhrawardy Hospital was converted into an inpatient hospital with necessary modification and alteration. This was the establishment of independent trauma management unit in Bangladesh and sowing of the seed of an orthopedic specialty. On 5 January 1973 the faculty of medicine of Dhaka University acted on suggestion and appointed a committee to inspect the Shahid Suhrawardy hospital as an acceptable place for establishing a post graduate course in orthopaedic. Prof. R.J. Grast realized the need for the hospital having its own building and approached the authority concern, the results of which is the present hospital complex and was shifted to this new site in early 1978. This is the biggest orthopaedic hospital in the south Asia having 500 beds. It was then named Rehabilitation institute and hospital for the disabled (RIHD). In 1974 the NEC of Bangladesh approved the plans of RIHD and Dr. R.J. Garst was honored with the post of Project Director of the proposed hospital complex.
Present Overview of NITOR
National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedic Rehabilitation (NITOR) is a 500 bed tertiary center, receiving referral patients from all over the country. The following departments are working side by side with co-ordination between each other.
Casualty department: Round the clock an orthopaedic team is available for management of orthopaedic trauma patients. There are shifting duties of 12 hourly rotations. In each shift there are two senior residents. Assistant Registrars, Registrars and Consultants are on duty. Professor, Associate Professor and Assistant Professors remain on Call.
Out-patient department: Professor in charge of unit remains physically present with the whole team to cover OPD. About 10 doctors attend the OPD clinic 6 day a week.
In Patient Services at NITOR: Functionally there are 12 units (teams) for Orthopaedics and Traumatology named after the natural colors, such as Blue I & II, Green I & II, Pink I & II, Red I & II, Violet I & II, YellowI & II. There is also Department of Plastic and Reconstructive surgery, Department of Anaesthesiology and Department of Physiotherapy and Occupational therapy. Other auxiliary department includes Department of Radiology and imaging, Department of Pathology, Department of Blood Transfusion, Limb Brace workshop and Social welfare department. Over the last 10 years there has been a tremendous increase in the number of patients being treated at NITOR. The following data shows this increase in the number of patients.
Patient Attendance & Operation at NITOR
|Year||Patient Attended||Patient Admitted||No. of Operation|
Orthopedics & Traumatology
Radiology & Imaging
Undergraduate and Postgraduate degrees
National Institute of Traumatology & Orthopaedic Rehabilitation (NITOR) is affiliated with the University of Dhaka.
Undergraduate degree: The students receive BSC. in Physiotherapy degree from the University of Dhaka after completion of 4th year of study and passing the final Professional BSC.PT examination. After that 1 year internship is must for the students.
Postgraduate degree: Since 1976 the academic council is conducting the exams of Masters of Surgery (orthopaedics) and Diploma in Orthopaedics under postgraduate Medicine faculty of Dhaka University. But recently these post graduate degrees have been taken under Bangabondhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU). More than 390 doctors have completed their specialization in orthopaedic surgery from NITOR. A total of 14 overseas doctors have completed their M.S. in orthopaedics form this institute.
The Professional examinations are held under the University and results are given thereby. Internal Examinations are also taken on regular interval namely Card completions, Terms end and regular assessments.
Pathology test: CBC, RBS, LIPID PROFILE, ESR.
Radiological test: Xray, ultrasonography, ECG
Admission test is held under the Ministry of Health of Bangladesh government. Students selected in the test are admitted here on the basis of their choice.
Vast arrays of academic activities are performed at NITOR. The daily morning clinical conference, which is held form 8.00am to 9.00am is unique among all the Medical colleges and Medical Institutes in Bangladesh. First 45 minutes is spent for presentation of cases listed for operation on that day. This is like a medical board including all the senior and junior orthopaedic surgeons of NITOR and post graduate residents. The residents present the cases scheduled for operation for that day and audiences in the house listen to the unit plan. A brief but informative discussion is held on the case presented before the house and definitive operation plan is formulated and further follow-up schedule of the particular patient is planned. This endeavor is not only beneficial to the patient but also for the students as they can learn the management of cases. Rest 15 minutes is for discussing the activities of past 24 hours which includes the presentation of the total number of cases attending the emergency and casualty department and postoperative x-ray presentation. From 8:00am to 4:pm is lectured by the professor, associate professors and lecturers on a prescribed schedule so as to cover the entire syllabus of Bsc. in Physiotherapy in 4 years. From 9:00am to 10:00 am is lectured by the professor and associate professors on a prescribed schedule so as to cover the entire syllabus of M.S. (Ortho) and D. Ortho course in 2 years time. Clinical demonstrations are made in ward round which starts as soon as the morning session ends. Clinical demonstrations are also made in OPD and at class room; case of academic interest attending the OPD are discussed at 1.30pm. This session is taken by the assistant professor, consultants and registrars. This session also covers practical demonstration like x-ray, specimen, brace, orthosis and orthotics. An arrangement for Cadaver dissection is available almost throughout the year. Every Wednesday morning is the Journal club meeting and Thursday clinical presentation of those cases requiring discussion and opinion by the specialists and whole house. Presentation of research projects are done periodically. Visiting consultants are incorporated with the daily functions of the institute along with other consultants of the hospital.
A large number of research activities have been performed in this institute. Submission of a complete research work is mandatory to appear in the final MS (Orth). Since 1976 about 248 research works were done.
Each and every year the students celebrate the national days by performing cultural programe. Also the students celebrate the Iftar Party, Swarasti Puja,Pahela Baisakh, Indoor Games Competition in the college campus.
The students celebrate their 30 days, 100 days, year ending, and batch programs on campus.
The academic council holds meeting every month and evaluates the progress of students of the institute, update the curriculums and make schedules of classes and research activities of the institute. The academic council maintain liaison with the University.
Medical library service
Library contains almost all the orthopaedics & Trauma Surgery and Physiotherapy books and journals. Services are available from 8 am to 10 pm and home issue provisions are also there for students and faculty.
National Institute of Traumatology & Orthopaedic Rehabilitaion (NITOR),
Address: Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh.
Telephone: +88 02 9144190-4, +88 02 9112150.
Fax: +88 02 8114812
Inquiry Telephone No:
+88 02 9112150, +88 02 9144190 EXT-255,
+88 02 9144191 EXT-255,
+88 02 9144192 EXT-255,
+88 02 9144193 EXT-255,
+88 02 9144194 EXT-255.